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(Machine Translation)


Moving towards a WORLD DEMOCRATIC order

Even if the democratic paradigm has obtained worldwide support and the national governments have assumed a more democratic character than in any other age of human history, the perception that economic and social inequalities are increasing in an exponential rate, that human rights are submitted to unacceptable discriminations and that the existent politic institutions are ineffective to impulse and defend Equality, Justice and Democracy in the global scale arouses everywhere.

While the planet becomes smaller because of developing scale of technological/ economic powers, human beings face a global explosion of social and national inequalities, a blaming growth of the population with insatisfied human basic needs, a threatening increase of finantial collapses that reach a progressively larger scale, a fast degradation of the biosphere and exhaustion of not renewable natural resources, a biotechnological menace on the human reproductive mechanisms, an expansion of new planetary plagues, a lack of control on massively destructive weapons, a frightening source of not-territorialized terrorist and mafia’s nets, authoritarian menaces to civil rights and belicist projects that put the peace of the worldat in risk; that’s to say: we asist to the irruptive emergence and fast worsening of global crises that affects to the whole human kind and in front of whom we –human beings- completely lack of institutional mechanism capable of rational and democratic interventions.

In a world where the slogans about "Globalization" are repeated hollowly, the democratic-reppresentative powers are still strongly fixed to territorial (mostly: national) institutions, organizations and patterns; while the inter-national system born from the ruines of the Second World War is being questioned for its lacks on democracy, representativity, legitimacy and accountability. Thus, a globalization reduced to the worlwide extension of technological and comunicational networks and economical-financial markets is perceived as a mere negativity, as the destructive irruption of the economical logic of profits into politics, culture and private human relationships.

Even if in a confusing way, the social global movement born at Seattle in 1999 has expressed this vision. It has pointed three basic elements of the present global political situation: 1) a firm refusal of an unidimensional, unidirectional and anti-equalitarian globalization, 2) an extreme distrust about the capacity of the existent national political institutions to control its more negative effects, 3) a strong reject of the action of WTO, IMF, G8, etc., that’s to say: to the interventions of an elitarian inter-national order.

After many mobilizations against international institutions, the No-Global movement could express its positions in a more articulated way through the World Social Forum, whose two precedent meetings (Porto Alegre –Brasil- 2001 y 2002) have accomplished increasing participation and atracted the interest of the world public opinion.

Meaningfully, the World Social Forum development is simultaneous to that of the World Economic Forum, the meeting at Davos that since 1971 has joined the main personalities of international politics and economy. The appropriation of the central politic issues of the global agenda by an economic and a social forum expresses what has been correctly called: the "delay of politics".

The emergence of Davos and Porto Alegre and their increasing importance in the global informative space confirms the comunicative and planetarian character that human society is reaching and the increasing need of raising and discussing a global politic agenda. At the same time, the inexistence of a specifically politic forum indirectly reflects the lack of democracy at the global scale.

To democratically solve the huge challenges that globalization raises to human civilization and include the interest and rights of most human beings in the consideration of global affairs, the world society can’t do without the efficientcy of its economic system, neither without the full respect of the principles of Justice and Equality of its democratic political system. A reconciliation between "ecomomic" and "social" visions, between maximization of proffits and Human Rights –that´s to say: between Davos and Porto Alegre- has become so difficult as necessary.

An increasing number of activities, forums, initiatives try to close what is perceived like the "deficit of democracy" of the so called "multilateral" international structure. Global meetings, web forums, international conferences and world summits flourishe all over the world, conecting the emergent world civil society to the functionaries of the UN system and other international institutions. But the "deficit of democracy" can’t be solve this way, since both actors (NGOs and international institutions) are affected for the same lack of democratic representativity, and so that of legitimacy and accountability.

There’s no point in continuing this useless discussion. How could be democratic the global order whether not any of the main actors of the global scenario (finantial markets, transnational coroporations, international institutions, civil society’s organizations) could afirm to be invested by democratic representativity? So that if the United Nations and the NGOs are very committed with the development of democracy in the global level (the so called "global governance"), their basic matter should be just one: how to reform the present structure of the global governance in order to make it democratic, representative, legitime and accountable? How to create a global governance structure informed by the basic principle of modern societies, that’s to say: democratic representativity?

Every attempt to face global crises, every intent to reconcile the exigences and claims of social actors with the realities of technological-economical-finantial systems requires the intervention of politic democratic institutions enlarged to the global scale assumed by the most dynamic social activities. The lacks of this national-continental-inter-national institutional frame is carrying to a concrete risk of a worlwide collapse. What we need is democratic representativity in each sphere reached by human activities.

The WORLD DEMOCRACY FORUM should be a basic contribution to the global debate on this matters, decisive for the future of the human society. Its basic goal should be promoting innovative proposals of reformulation of the continental, inter-national and global institutional order, with the declared aim of contributing to its democratization.

The WDF’s method should base on an open global discussion on the practicable reforms of the current politic institutions and on the feasible creation of new ones, whose main objective should be to reduce the raising gap between the golden magnificence of the global world and the material and simbolic poverty of most human beings who live in it.


1º) Political organizations (parties, groups, governments, associations)

2º) NGOs and syndacal organizations

3º) Academic world (both institutions and individuals).

The organizative structure of the WDF should respect the usual ways and habits of each one of these spheres but, at the same time, should make the communication between them and the elaboration of common conclussions and proposals easier.

The only determining exigence that legitimates the participation at the WDF is the presentation of a founded proposal of reform to the institutional global order according to the democratic values in which the WDF is founded on. The critics to the existent organizations and the diagnostic on the global situation will be only accepted if short and necessary to base a concrete project of reforms. The analysis and proposals on fragmented topics can´t be accepted. We don’t propose to continue the discussion on global affairs by ourselves, unelected members of the so called world civl society, but the creation of a new democratic representative frame where those matters can be managed and solved by democratic representatives of the citizens of the world.

Many global political leaders and intellectuals have expressed their concerns over the lack of democracy of the current global order (see the document below), and have called for more transparency, legitmity and accountability in the global decisions that affects the life of bilion of human beings. The number of organizations that work in developing the embryos of a future world democracy are getting uncountable.

In spite of all it, there’s no a real meeting able to concentrate the global political leaders, the best minds of accademy, the stakeholders of the emergent world civil society in the task of creating a real democratic institutional order. There’s no a real forum able to focus the attention of the human kind and world public opinion on the central topic of the global age: the problem of how to create a very world democracy.

The way to a real respect of the Human Rights of every citizen of the world must be opened for a deep reformulation of politic institutions responsible of taking global decisions and intervening in global crises. The development of a participative debate and universally opened about necessity, possibility and modalities of a world democratic order has become a condition of human survival and a basic request to avoid the risks of an emergent not democratic elitarian global order.

The WORLD DEMOCRACY FORUM should become a public frame for a planetarian open debate on the statutes and principles on which the world society emerging from globalization can democratically be founded.

(some expressions for a world democratic order by famous intellectuals)

"It is high time to think publically and in a loud voice about a new world order capable of rescuing the few values that, in any case, continues to be our common human patrimony, and of reconciling the universality of politic principles with the diversity of cultures"

Jean Daniel

"We face the planetary necessity of a democratic power capable of an ethical control of the Globalization. We must go towards a world-society. Yet, we lack of a real sense of our common destiny, of our universal belonging to the same world and of a concrete conscience about the deep dangers that threaten the planet"

Edgar Morin

"The real debate associated with globalisation is, ultimately, not about the efficiency of markets, nor about the importance of modern technology. The debate rather, is about inequality of power."

Amartya Sen

"Democratic politics must be reformulated in most levels –local, national, regional and global- because each of them is appropriated for different public troubles"

David Held

"It is highly probable that, in the near future, there will be adopted new global forms of democratic representativity, similar to those that were used inside the national states"

Anthony Giddens

"It would have been better if the globalization of economy had started after the creation of a World Federation capable of promoting a global welfare state, that is to say: a supranational government that could guarantee a certain level of Justice and Equality among nations and within them. Unfortunately, the global economy became a reality before had been possible to create what Tennyson called ‘The Parliament of Man, the Federation of the World"

Richard Rorty

"The Republic is the only alternative to the blind, elemental, erratic, uncontrolled, divisive and polarizing globalization forces. We need political institutions effective in the planetarian scale equivalent to that of transnational powers"

Zygmunt Bauman

"We need a global government and the procedures to build it should be carefully considered. The first thing is to modify the general rules of international institutions"

Charles Taylor

"The question of Globalization is, above all, a question on Democracy. According to what happened in the past, we should have reached some kind of World Federation before the globalization of Economy"

Gianni Vattimo

"Unfortunately, we lack of a world government responsible in front of people of all the countries and with a real capacity of supervising the process of globalization in a similar way to that which was used for national governments directed the process of nationalization"

Joseph Stiglitz

"In the present technological and economical frame, the creation of a World Parliament is no longer an utopia. During the next years, the constitution of supra-national democratic institutions will be the only relevant task for Politics"

Juan José Sebreli

"We have still to cover a long distance towards the building of a world civil society, and it would be better if we immediately start to run it"

Ralf Dahrendorf

(some expressions for a world democratic order by political global leaders)

"The issue is not how to stop Globalization. The issue is how we use the power of community to combine it with Justice. If Globalization works only for the benefit of the few, then it will fail and will deserve to fail"

Tony Blair

"Perhaps the biggest problem the world faces is the discrepancy between the global dimensions reached by many human activities and the basically-national dimensions of the democratic rules and institutions"

Giuliano Amato

"It’s not possible to have a global commercial system without a global economical policy, and without global environmental, educative and sanitary  policies, and without a global agreement on security"

Bill Clinton

"Every day becomes more evident that the global market requires a global citizenship"

Kofi Annan
Fondation Charles Léopold Mayer © 2003